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What Causes Back Pain?
Problems with the spine such as osteoporosis can lead to back pain. The human back is composed of a complex structure of muscles, ligaments, tendons, disks, and bones, which work together to support the body and enable us to move around. The segments of the spine are cushioned with cartilage-like pads called disks. Problems with any of these components can lead to back pain. In some cases of back pain, its cause remains unclear. Damage can result from strain, medical conditions, and poor posture, among others.
Several structural problems may also result in back pain.
- Ruptured disks: Each vertebra in the spine is cushioned by disks. If the disk ruptures there will be more pressure on a nerve, resulting in back pain.
- Bulging disks: In much the same way as ruptured disks, a bulging disk can result in more pressure on a nerve.
- Sciatica: A sharp and shooting pain travels through the buttock and down the back of the leg, caused by a bulging or herniated disk pressing on a nerve.
- Arthritis: Osteoarthritis can cause problems with the joints in the hips, lower back, and other places. In some cases, the space around the spinal cord narrows. This is known as spinal stenosis.
- Abnormal curvature of the spine: If the spine curves in an unusual way, back pain can result. An example is scoliosis, in which the spine curves to the side.
- Osteoporosis: Bones, including the vertebrae of the spine, become brittle and porous, making compression fractures more likely.
The main symptom of back pain is an ache or pain anywhere in the back, and sometimes all the way down to the buttocks and legs. Some back issues can cause pain in other parts of the body, depending on the nerves affected. The pain often goes away without treatment, but if it occurs with any of the following people should see their doctor:
- weight loss
- inflammation or swelling on the back
- persistent back pain, where lying down or resting does not help
- pain down the legs
- pain that reaches below the knees
- a recent injury, blow or trauma to the back
- urinary incontinence
- difficulty urinating
- fecal incontinence, or loss of control over bowel movements
- numbness around the genitals
- numbness around the anus
- numbness around the buttocks
When To See A Doctor
You should seek medical help if you experience any numbness or tingling, or if you have back pain:
- that does not improve with rest
- after an injury or fall
- with numbness in the legs
- with weakness
- with fever
- with unexplained weight loss
- back pain appears to result from an injury
- there may be underlying cause that needs treatment
- the pain persists over a long period
I have been attending this clinic for well over 6 years. The staff always goes above and beyond to make me feel safe and comfortable coming here. I live over 40 mins away and continue to come to this clinic every single month. My doctor has been able to work with me over the years and find a treatment plan that has increase my overall quality of life. They take the time to listen to all my problems and concerns and then figure out the best course of action to help me. Since I started going there, I have been able to manage my chronic pain and allow me to go through life pain free and being able to be a fun grandma again to my 6 grandchildren. If you are looking for a kind, professional and all-around amazing place to manage your pain then look no further.
I was in terrible pain before I found this place. This place saved my life. Genesis has made my pain a lot less. The doctors and the staff are very courteous and nice.
Very hard to find a doctor that takes the time to listen and to try to find the right treatment plan but that is what I have found here.
I have been coming to Genesis Medical Clinic for a while and the doctors are really nice. The staff is excellent. I will recommend Genesis to all my family and friends.
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